History

This year we are celebrating the 25th anniversary of FXB International and its pioneering FXBVillage program – a three-year integrated program to bring about long-term poverty eradication.

Over the past 25 years, the FXB Foundation and FXB International have always remained dedicated to rescuing people, read more about FXB’s rich history in the timeline below.

1989

1. FXB carries the name of François-Xavier Bagnoud, a helicopter pilot specialised in rescue operations, which were his passion and his commitment. In 1986, he lost his life at the age of 24 during a helicopter-borne mission in Mali. It was this year, his mother Albina du Boisrouvray, his family and their friends founded the FXB Foundation and the Association François-Xavier Bagnoud (the NGO work which later became known as FXB International) in order to pursue, in the field of development, the rescue missions that he led and to perpetuate the values of generosity and compassion that guided his life.

2. In partnership with “Médecins du Monde”, the Association François-Xavier Bagnoud organised the “Road of the Rights of the Child” a symbolic sailing voyage, retracing the former slave route with children of different ethnicities. Finishing at the United Nations headquarters in New York, the action was consecrated by a resolution adopted by the UN General Assembly.

3. FXB finances a new building for the Department of Aerospace Engineering at Ann Arbor, Michigan. The FXB Building houses research laboratories, classrooms, offices, a conference hall and the FXB Library with a lounge to serve as a meeting place for students and professors.

1990

1. Launch of the FXB Chair in Pediatric Allergy, Immunology and Infectious Diseases established at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, USA (now Rutgers). Launch of the FXB International Training Program on pediatric AIDS (FXB-ITP) at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey for worldwide doctors, nurses and social workers.

2. Launch of FXB Thailand: four FXB Shelters open in Bangkok, Chiang Mai and Chiang Rai to reintegrate young girls and children who escaped sexual exploitation. (Since 1995, this program has been passed on to the Thai NGO Foundation For Children).

3. Launch of FXB USA: inauguration of the FXB House in Washington DC dedicated to HIV positive or AIDS infected orphaned children. (This program is now passed on to the American organisation TERRIFIC, Inc.)

4. Launch of FXB Uganda: support programs for families taking care of AIDS or war orphaned children. This was the first step towards a formalised community-based sustainable development program by FXB. The principles behind this program provided the foundations for the FXBVillage methodology.

5. The FXB Foundation funds five fellowships in Aerospace Studies at the College of Engineering at the University of Michigan.

1991

1. Foundation of the Global AIDS Policy Coalition (GAPC) by FXB – a multi-disciplinary independent voice dedicated to research and advocacy about the global HIV/AIDS epidemic. The research – notably led by Jonathan Mann –published AIDS in the World I and II, the first strategic proposals on how to tackle the AIDS epidemic.

2. FXB Switzerland: launch of The Little Prince of the Mountains – Children’s Dreams program to realise the dreams of children who are sick or severely handicapped.

3. The first FXBVillage program launched in Uganda.

4. Launch of FXB India (which became FXB India Suraksha in 2007): FXB Asha Sadan House in Goa provides medical and educational support to the children of sex workers. A support program for an orphanage for young boys in Margoa and an orphanage for young girls in Rivona were also opened.

5. The FXB Foundation donated two planes to the African Medical Research Foundation to be used during emergency evacuations, vaccinations campaign and by various humanitarian organisations active in Kenya and Somalia.

6. The FXB Foundation donated a fire engine to a group of young firefighters, childhood friends of François-Xavier, from Levis-Saint-Nom, near Paris (France).

1992

1. Publication by the Global AIDS Policy Coalition (GAPC) of “AIDS in the World I” by the FXB Foundation.

2. Creation of the FXB Chair in Health and Human Rights at Harvard University, USA which was awareded to Jonathan Mann.

3. FXB Thailand: liberation of Thai and Burmese Sex Workers at the Thai-Burmese border. (After this intervention initiated by Albina du Boisrouvray via FXB, the first program in Myanmar launched in 1993 to reintegrate the Burmese sex workers in their homeland.)

4. FXB Thailand: inauguration of four FXB Houses for HIV positive or AIDS infected orphaned children in Chiang Mai and Chiang Rai. (Since 2002 this program was passed on to the Thai NGO, Support Children Foundation.)

5. Launch of FXB Uruguay: FXB House of Montevideo for street children (Hope for Children Project) promoting AIDS prevention, education and Rights of the Child (this program is now passed on to a community organisation).

6. Launch of FXB Colombia: FXB House of Barranquilla for HIV positive or AIDS infected orphaned children.It was the first initiative in Colombia’s Caribbean region that worked with HIV families. During its existence it helped more than 400 children receive an integral attention.

7. FXB Switzerland: inauguration of the FXB Palliative Home Care team in Sion.

8. FXB Kenya: the FXB House in the suburbs of Nairob provides a shelter for HIV-infected children (this program is now passed on to a local community organisation).

9. Launch of The first FXB Aerospace Prize, recognising the contributions of those in the aerospace field to the advancement and benefit of humanity. The prize was administered by the Aerospace Engineering Department, University of Michigan, where François-Xavier graduated and received his BSE degree.

1993

1. Creation of the FXB Center for Health and Human Rights at the Harvard School of Public Health which was led forseveral years by Prof. Jonathan Mann.

2. Launch of FXB Myanmar: program of social and professional reintegration, AIDS prevention, treatments for young girls escaping forced prostitution and vulnerable young people.

3. FXB Thailand: expansion of FXB activities with the FXB Hospice at Wat (Temple) Prabat Nampu in Lopburi province to support the monks of the monastery who provide medical support tothose dying of AID. (Since 1995, this program has passed on to the Dhammaraksanives Foundation and funded by the royal family of Thailand.)

 

1994

1. First International Conference on Health and Human Rights at Harvard University, USA. A three-day conference with 350 participants, representing 42 countries, sharing their vision on a new global AIDS strategy.

2. Launch of FXB Brazil: FXB House in Sao Paulo for HIV positive families and children (this program is now passed on to a local community organisation).

1995

1. Launch of FXB Rwanda: program of reintegration of war and AIDS orphaned children, and the rebuilding of 528 homes six months after the genocide.

2. The François-Xavier Bagnoud Observatory at Saint-Luc (Valais, Switzerland) is built to open up access to astronomy for everyone, in addition to amateur astronomers wishing to use semi-professional equipment. It is managed by a local organisation and is available to tourists, walkers, and school groups.

1996

1. Inauguration of the Havard School of Public Health FXB Building which houses the FXB Center.

2. Second International Conference on Health and Human Rights at Harvard University.

3. Publication of “AIDS in the World II” by the Global AIDS Policy Coalition and the FXB Center for Health and Human Rights.

4. FXB obtained consultative status at ECOSOC (UN Economic and Social Council).

5. FXB Uganda: Diversified it’s income generating activities from cattle giving into other areas.

6. FXB Switzerland: launch of FXB Holiday Camps for vulnerable children from Minsk Hospital Russia.

1997

1. Inauguration of the FXB Palliative Home Care team in Paris, France. In 2003, FXB trained The Croix Saint-Simon Foundation in palliative care at home before being passed on to the organisation which is part of the state system.

2. Launch of the Child Labour Project, which provides training, monitoring and develops programs to deal with the problems of exploitative child labor for corporations engaged in international trade.

1998

1. Launch of FXB Bolivia: Women’s Project, development of agricultural income-generating activities. (This program was passed on to an inhabitants’ organisation.)

1999

1. Launch of FXB South Africa: After-School programs in the townships of Alexandra, Soweto and the rural area of Witbank providing information on AIDS prevention, education and income-generating activities for female groups.

2. FXB India: expansion of the programs in Rajasthan providing information on AIDS prevention, education, information and income-generating activities.

2000

1. FXB Rwanda: launch of the three first FXBVillages in Kigali and expansion of the program in Gitarama.

2. FXB India: launch of the Migrant Worker program in Rajasthan focusing on HIV/AIDS prevention and STI prevention. This is where FXB first started the campaign to disseminate information through the network of the barber shop.

3. FXB India: launch of the Slum Intervention program in Sanjay Camp slum, New Delhi focusing on HIV/AIDS prevention, education and information.

4. FXB India: expansion and diversification of the programs into the states of Andhra Pradesh, Delhi, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Mizoram, Maharashtra, Pondicherry, Rajasthan and West Bengal.

5. Publication of ‘FXB Orphan Alert: International Perspectives on Children Left Behind by HIV/AIDS’. FXB developed this volume as a resource for a broad range of readers interested in orphan issues.

2001

1. FXB India: Children’s Home in Aizwal opened to provide orphan intervention programs in Mizoram.

2. FXB India: launch of the Barber Intervention Program in New Delhi. FXB created a network of 10,000 barbers who acted as advocates, disseminating information from FXB on AIDS prevention, education, information and more to their customers.

3. Launch of FXB Niger: providing access to drinking water and the construction of traditional wells.

4. Launch of The AIDS Orphan Assistance Database (AOAD), a joint initiative by FXB and the Early Childhood Development (ECD) team within the Education Sector of the World Bank. Based on its own dedicated website (www.orphans.fxb.org) the AOAD allows organisations and individuals assisting children made vulnerable by HIV/AIDS and their caregivers to find, learn about and contact each other. The database also aims to help donors identify potential project partners directly, eliminating costly intermediaries.

5. Launch of the FXB Rescue House at the Sion Airport – a new rescue organisation that brings together in a single location, 24-hours a day, 365 days a year, all the human and material resources required for emergency rescue operations: physicians and medical personnel, mountain guides, rescue dogs, helicopters, ambulances and emergency vehicles and internet technology which helps tracks rescue operations.

2002

1. Launch of FXB Mongolia: punctual HIV/AIDS prevention program with the government.

2. Launch of FXB Togo: development program in Siou to provide access to drinking water, medical and educational support(this program is now passed on to a local community organisation).

3. First World AIDS Orphans Day (WAOD): FXB initiaties the Symbolic Global Safety Net campaign which was signed by two million people (quite an achievement without any social media or internet), including United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan. The campaign urged the UN, governments, donors and policy makers to give priority to the millions of AIDS orphans. WAOD takes place annually, every 7 May.

4. FXB Myanmar: launch of AIDS Prevention and Anti-Human Trafficking Project for bus and truck drivers.

5.Publication of ‘Aids in the Twenty-First Century’ by Tony Barnett and Alan Whiteside, published by Palgrave and funded by the FXB Foundation. This ground-breaking study claimed that it is vital to consider the disease in its totality.

2003

1. Launch of the Global Action for Children (GAC) in Washington DC, an independent advocacy campaign involving a broad range of organisations, dedicated to supporting orphans and other vulnerable children, and the communities and families that care for them. FXB is the co-chair of the leadership council and lobbied congress in the Senate.

2. FXB Rwanda: one FXBVillage in Kigali, two FXBVillages in Gitarama.

3. Second World AIDS Orphans Day: mayors of 20 cities began the Mayors and Elected Officials Coalition and launched the ‘Youth movement’.

4. FXB Colombia is part of a leading three-year initiative to provide workshops about HIV prevention to vulnerable groups such as street children and sexual workers. More than 165,000 people are reached. Also, part of UN program to create awareness about mother-child transmission. FXB Colombia is the leading institution providing workshops in the entire Caribbean region including the coal mine workers in the Guajira.

2005

1. FXB joins the Clinton Global Initiative (CGI) and makes seven commitments, which were also renewed in 2006.

2. FXB India: development of an emergency program for Post-Tsunami victims in Pondicherry region.

3. FXB Thailand: development of an emergency program for Post-Tsunami victims in Phuket.

4. FXB Brazil and local partners’ successfully lobbied, the Chamber of Deputy to legalise generic HIV drugs.

5. With the United Nations Foundation as partner, and as part of its Clinton Global Initiative Commitments, FXB commits to convene a meeting of key economic leaders from the public and private sectors, bilateral aid agencies, NGOs, developing country ministries and Internet companies to discuss utilising Internet technologies more efficiently in delivering development aid to the world’s poorest people.

6. FXB creates 20 new low-cost, sustainable community-based programs, FXBVillages in Uganda and Rwanda to help orphans, families, and communities combat the effects of AIDS and poverty.

2006

1. Launch of the Joint Learning Initiative on Children and HIV/AIDS (JLICA) with Havard, which FXB is one of the founding members. JLICA engages practitioners, policymakers and scholars in collaborative problem-solving, research and analysis to address the need of children living in the context of HIV and AIDS.

2. Launch of FXB Burundi: first FXBVillage in Bujumbura.

3. Launch of FXB China: two pilot programs for children affected by HIV in the Sichuan and Yunnan Province with the aim of raising children out of extreme poverty. These became the seeds for the future FXBVillages in China.

5. As part of the Clinton Global Initiative Commitments, the Hindustan Construction Company (HCC) in India, in partnership with FXB International, commits to launching a ‘Workplace Intervention Program’ to increase the level of employee awareness of HIV/AIDS.

6. FXB commits to providing psychological and physical care and treatment to Israeli and Palestinian children whose lives have been adversely affected by the conflict in the Middle East, as part of the Clinton Global Initiative Commitments.

2007

1. Sixth World AIDS Orphans Day: the number of mayors and elected officials grew exponentially as 795 mayors and elected officials of 41 countries joined the worldwide coalition.

2008

1. FXB China: launch of the first FXBVillage in Sichuan to extract people and children out of extreme poverty within the Yi community.

2. FXB Colombia: launch of an HIV/AIDS prevention program for the Wayuu community in the remote area of the Guajira province, a ground breaking initiative as it is done with simultaneous translation in their native tongue.

3. FXB India Suraksha: launch of the first five FXBVillages to support poor and marginalized communities.

4. FXB Myanmar was at the forefront of the relief and rebuilding efforts in areas affected by Cyclone Nargie, helping 55,000 individuals access food, healthcare, clean water, and shelter. The same year, FXB launched five “Child-friendly spaces” for street children in Yangon with UNICEF. Following Cyclone Nargis in May, 20 additional child-friendly spaces are created in the Irrawaddy Delta.

5. Seventh World AIDS Orphans Day: FXB calls for donor governments to direct at least 10% of all HIV and AIDS funding to support AIDS orphans and children made vulnerable by the virus. President George W. Bush signed the new President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) initiative, which allocate $30 billion to the fight against AIDS, of which $3 billion was allocated to create programs for children.

6. The FXBVillage program was cited as a best practice for supporting AIDS-affected children and families in UNICEF’s and UNAIDS’ 2008 “Children and AIDS : Second Stocktaking Report”.

2009

1. Publication of Home Truths: Facing the Facts on Children, AIDS, and Poverty (Feb 2009), the final report of the Joint Learning Initiative on HIV/AIDS (JLICA) after three years of research.

2. Launch of 20 FXBVillages in Rwanda and in Uganda thanks to the funding from PEPFAR.

3. Launch of FXB DRC (Democratic Republic of Congo): one FXBVillage in Goma.

4. The release of FXB India Suraksha’s ‘Hopes Alive:Surviving AIDS and Despair’ was attended by Nobel Prize Laureate, Dr. Amartya Sen, the Honorable Vice President Shri M. Hamid Ansari, and the director general of India’sNational AIDS Control Organization Sujata Rao.

2010

1. In an interview, Amartya Sen, noted that he believes one of the organizations that is doing a fantastic job and is extraordinarily effective and deserves more recognition was FXB for its approach based on capacity building to escape poverty.

2. FXB Colombia: Launch of the first FXBVillage programme in Barranquilla, Colombia.

2011

1. In his book ‘The Voice’, Edgar Morrin, a famous French sociologist and philosopher, highlighted the Association François-Xavier Bagnoud saying, “…an organization like the Association François-Xavier Bagnoud, which fights poverty and AIDS in Africa, comes in perfect harmony with the communities it assists.”

2. A report jointly published in 2011 by the FXB Center for Health and Human Rights at Harvard University and FXB, titled “Removing Unfreedom, Decreasing Vulnerability in Economic and Food Security” shows the holistic approach, in terms of guidance and support in access to basic needs and basic training in financial management, increases, among other things, food security, economic assets and education of the FXBVillages’ participants, after the first year of the program.

2012

In the spring of 2012, the Cost of Inaction research team at the FXB Center for Health and Human Rights at Havard University completed a book, The Cost of Inaction, which was published by the FXB Center with a foreword by Amartya Sen.

In October 2012, the FXB Center organized a series of panels to celebrate the release of The Cost of Inaction. Amartya Sen, recipient of the 1998 Nobel Prize in Economics and Thomas W. Lamont University Professor at Harvard, chaired a panel of distinguished economists who assessed the theoretical and policy implications of the work. Eric Maskin, recipient of the 2007 Nobel Prize in Economics and Adams University Professor at Harvard, chaired another panel of senior policy officers and practitioners from UNICEF and partner institutions who explored the possible applications of the COI framework to economic and social development, and human rights. As noted by Sen in his preface to the book, one of the most important uses of COI is in the world of policymakers, who must set priorities on the basis of an analytic and empirical framework which the COI provides.

One of the most important uses of Cost Of Inaction is in the world of policymakers, who must set priorities on the basis of an analytic and empirical framework which the Cost Of Inaction provides - Amartya Sen

2013

1. Launch of a Biochar agricultural pilot project in Rwanda to help tackle the malnutrition. The project reduces water consumption by more than 80%, increases soil productivity by at least 50-100%, and avoids the environmental problems associated with the use of charcoal in farming.

2. FXB Uganda receives a Certification of Apreciation from the local government for its action in the fight against HIV/AIDS and its support for vulnerable children and providing access to water.

3. FXB South Africa: launch of a new three-year vocational training program. The program will act as a follow-up program for 90 teens who have completed the FXB After-School – Life Skills Programs.

4. FXB India conducts a raid in March after the Justice Venture International informs the team of illegally detained minors in a house in the neighbourhood of Jaipur. The raid resulted in the release of 51 children after 10 years of detention.

5. In China, the FXBVillage methodology is recognised as one of the best community programs for the development of the Yi Community. It receives the ‘Special Award for Contribution to the Community Yi’.

6. In Uganda, FXB is issued a Certificate of Appreciation by the local government for its actions for the fight against HIV – AIDS, and its support for vulnerable children and access to water.

7. FXB Colombia graduates 80 families from the first FXBVillage from extreme poverty helping 263 children. FXB Colombia signs ground-breaking initiative with Cajacopi, a local organization, to start a fully-finance the second FXBVillage.

2014

1. This year marks the 25th Anniversary of FXB International. During the last 25 years, 17 million adults and children have benefited from the presence of FXB International in their communities, through the FXBVillage poverty eradication program , as well as sustainable community development, infrastructure rehabilitation, education, prevention, awareness and access to water and sanitation programs.

2. On February 26 – The prestigious KISS Humanitarian Award 2013 is presented to Albina du Boisrouvray at Kalinga Institute of Social Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India.