Myanmar is one of the poorest and least developed countries in the world. In 2018, it ranked 148th out of 189 countries on the United Nations Development Program’s Human Development Index. The 2015 elections marked a historic milestone in the country’s political and economic transition. The democratically elected government took office with a huge popular mandate.
Although some sectors have undertaken important reforms, the level of poverty remains very high: 67% of workers live on $2 a day. Rural areas, remote border regions, mainly populated by ethnic minority groups, as well as territories where migrants and internally displaced populations live are particularly affected by poverty. One of the consequences of conflict and violence in Myanmar, including the Karen conflict, described as the world’s longest-running conflict or the most recent Rohingya crisis, is the displacement of more than 660,000 people within and outside the country.
The education sector is underdeveloped and unable to provide the necessary manpower in terms of both quantity and quality. As a result, the majority of people entering the labour market lack qualifications, affecting both the productivity and competitiveness of industry and society as a whole in terms of underemployment and poverty.
FXB in action
FXB began operations in Myanmar in 1992 to provide economic and social reintegration to 95 Burmese girls rescued from forced prostitution during a police raid in Thailand initiated by FXB founder Albina du Boisrouvray and the Thai government.
FXB then created a program in Myanmar to offer them an alternative to prostitution and allow for individualized reintegration, according to each girl’s aspirations and abilities. Many of them were involved in trafficking from a young age and had very little education. They, therefore, undertook basic vocational and management training and received a small amount in the form of a seed capital to start an economic activity. As the program grew rapidly, FXB created its own vocational training centre to extend its intervention to young people in extremely precarious situations and people infected with HIV/AIDS.
Since then, FXB has been developing complementary programs that promote respect for basic human rights and social justice in several states of Myanmar.
Our activities in the areas of Economic and Community Development FXBVillage – Education – Protection – Nutrition, Health, Water and Hygiene – strengthen the capacity of the communities in which FXB operates to act and develop.