Namibia is classified as a middle-income country, but its per capita income is one of the most unequal in the world, with 55% of global income for 10% of the total population. Namibia has a population of more than 2.6 million people; 43% of them are under 15 years old. Namibia’s political stability and good economic management have helped it reduce poverty.
However, this has not yet been accompanied by job creation, and the socio-economic inequalities inherited from the years of the apartheid persist, despite generous public spending on social programs. 30% of the labour force is unemployed. Women and young people are most affected, with unemployment rates of 33% and 53% respectively (for 20-24 year olds).
FXB in action
FXB launched its first Economic and Community Development FXBVillage Program in April 2018, in partnership with Hope Initiatives SA Namibia (HISA Namibia), local nongovernmental organization, in a slum near Windhoek, Tobias Hainyeko’s constituency within the Kilimanjaro community.
In informal slums such as this one, access to property, basic services, education, health, social services, transport, or other public services is extremely limited or largely unavailable. Security, unemployment and lack of capital to start small businesses are major concerns. In addition, development activities are scarce due to the lack of nongovernmental organizations and development agencies willing to settle in an unsafe location.
National authorities do not often have the necessary information on vulnerable communities such as migrants and thus, do not integrate them into urban planning. As a result, the people living in these communities face multiple challenges such as malnutrition, exploitation and unsanitary housing conditions. Limited access to services such as education, health and social protection further increases their vulnerability.