Reducing new HIV/AIDS infections and Tuberculosis among Key Populations

Program start 2022
Impacted population To be confirmed after mapping activity

In partnership with Rwanda Country Coordinating Mechanism (CCM) of the Global Fund, FXB Rwanda started implementing a project aiming at reducing new HIV/AIDS infections and Tuberculosis (TB) among Key Population (KP).


The World Health Organization (WHO) defines key populations as populations who are at higher risk for HIV irrespective of the epidemic type or local context and who face social and legal challenges that increase their vulnerability. They include sex workers, men who have sex with men, transgender people, people who inject drugs, and people in prison and other closed settings. In addition to experiencing elevated HIV risk and burden and facing legal and social issues, these populations historically have not received adequate priority in the response to the HIV epidemic, especially in countries with generalized HIV epidemics.

Our action

The overall objective of this project is to contribute to the execution of the National Strategic Plan of the Government of Rwanda against HIV/AIDS, especially “reducing new HIV infections and number of people who die due to HIV as well as ensuring the provision of same opportunities to people living with HIV (PLHIV) as those of the rest of the population”.

Under this project, FXB Rwanda targets Key Population categorized into: Female Sex Workers, Men who have Sex with other Men, Transgender, as well as people Who Inject Drugs. Key population beneficiaries as well as broader communities will benefit from activities such as:

  • Referrals to health services and supervision of services provision,
  • Provision of inclusive Information Education Communication materials on HIV, Tuberculosis and other Sexually Transmitted Infections,
  • Advocate for the challenges faced by Key Population,
  • Provision of prevention trainings for Key Population as well as communities.

The project is implemented in Kamonyi district of Rwanda Southern Province, as well as Gakenke and Musanze districts of the Northern Province. The number of individuals impacted by the project still has to be determined through mapping exercise to be conducted in 2022.

This intervention is conducted with the support of the Rwanda Country Coordinating Mechanism of the Global Fund.

Program impact

By the end of the project in 2024, the following specific objectives will be achieved:

  • Advocating for Key Populations’ rights of not stigmatizing them in accessing all community services including health services against HIV/AIDs and enjoying community environment as rest general population,
  • Conducting community awareness regarding Key Populations and their rights in living the conducive environment as rest population to minimize their stigmatization,
  • Capacitating Key Populations with knowledge and sustained behaviors around HIV &TB and its prevention, their rights, treatment care protocols, risk analysis and their testing.

This project will also contribute to leaving no one behind in the fight against HIV/AIDS.


"With 44% of all new HIV infections occurring among key populations and their sexual partners, responding to HIV within these populations, including in humanitarian settings, remains a difficult challenge."

UNAIDS Report on Key Population