Rwanda is still affected by the 1994 genocide, during which nearly one million Tutsis were massacred. The democratically elected Rwandan Patriotic Front gradually restored order, security and then civil service and ensured the stability of the country.
Rwanda was one of the few countries that had been able to achieve most of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals. Substantial progress has been made in poverty reduction, education and HIV prevention. Despite these successes, Rwanda is still a poor country, ranked 158th out of 189 by the latest UNDP Human Development Index in 2018. It faces significant development challenges. Chronic malnutrition, poor infrastructure, lack of access to electricity, early childhood development, child mortality, the quality of education and the prevention of violence against children all require sustained attention.
The programme uses a family-centered approach to strengthen the capacity of households to improve their economic conditions through internal savings and credit groups, financial education and microenterprise development.
It also aims to reduce health-related vulnerabilities through interventions such as early childhood development, nutrition, water, hygiene and sanitation, health education, and the development of linkages between health care and communities.