Frequently Asked Questions
What does FXB stand for?
FXB stands for “François-Xavier Bagnoud”. In 1986, Albina du Boisrouvray’s only child, François-Xavier Bagnoud, a rescue pilot, was tragically killed in a helicopter rescue mission in Mali at the age of 24. The shock of this sudden, devastating loss caused Albina to reevaluate her life’s work. Albina walked away from her successful career as a film producer to champion the cause of tens of millions of vulnerable women and children worldwide who were driven into poverty in the wake of the AIDS pandemic. In 1989, when she founded FXB Foundation and FXB International, Albina’s vision for the organization was to pursue the values of generosity and compassion that guided her son’s life in the field of development.
What is FXB’s organizational structure?
FXB has headquarter offices in Switzerland, France and the USA. FXB USA facilitates the coordination of the FXBVillage program’s community development initiatives in Colombia. The FXB International offices in Geneva, Switzerland, and Paris, France implement the FXBVillage and other programs in Africa, Asia, and Europe. Additionally, FXB International also administers the “Dreams of François-Xavier” Program, which aims to fulfill the dreams of seriously ill and injured children in Switzerland.
FXB has nine country offices, which implement programs in ten countries: Burundi, China, Colombia, India, Mongolia, Myanmar, Niger, Rwanda, South Africa and Uganda. FXB was founded with the guiding principles that the organization would eventually be completely sustainable and independent of a central administration. FXB headquarters in Switzerland, France, and the US provide administrative, technical, communication and fundraising support to FXB country offices. Our goal is that local entities become as independent as possible. This not only builds the capacity of civil society in the countries we work in but also allows FXB’s programs to be adapted in order to better meet the needs of the participants.
Does FXB fund other organizations?
FXB develops and manages its own programs, which aim to eradicate poverty worldwide. FXB operates in ten countries: Burundi, China, Colombia, India, Mongolia, Myanmar, Niger, Rwanda, South Africa and Uganda. Financing these programs requires us to seek external funding sources. We do not provide funding to other organizations.
How is FXB funded?
While FXB used to be financed by funds provided from the FXB Foundation, it is no longer the case. FXB International is 100 percent independent from the FXB Foundation. FXB relies on professional fundraising efforts to sustain its operations. Its funds are provided by individual donors, institutional donors, aid agencies, UN agencies, embassies, government cooperation, and private and corporate foundations. View a complete list of our donors.
What kinds of programs does FXB implement in its country of operation?
FXB implements programs that operate within four domains:
- Community Development. The Community Development Program FXBVillage brings the extreme poor to self-sufficiency through holistic approach that lasts for three years. These programs provide integrated support in nutrition, health, education, and housing to meet participants’ immediate needs, including livelihood support to increase the income capacity and economic self-sufficiency. FXB implements Community Development Programs FXBVillages in Burundi, China, Colombia, India, Mongolia, Rwanda, and Uganda.
- Education. FXB’s life skills education programs enable disadvantaged youth to live a life of dignity and empower them with the knowledge needed to succeed and meet future challenges. FXB operates specific education, life skills development and vocational training programs in India, Myanmar and South Africa.
- Health. FXB’s health programs improve access to quality health services, disease prevention, antiretroviral therapy (ART), psychosocial counseling, nutrition, and Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH). FXB implements specific HIV/AIDS-related programs in India and Myanmar, and WASH programs in Niger, India, Rwanda and Uganda.
- Protection. FXB’s protection programs assist in preventing and reducing all forms of violence and insecurity, while ensuring a safe and protective environment for women and children. FXB implements specific protection programs in Myanmar, India, Rwanda, and South Africa.
How does the FXBVillage Model work?
Developed in 1991, the FXBVillage Model is an integrated, sustainable methodology that enables the extreme poor to achieve long-term self-sufficiency. Each Community Development Program, FXBVillage, includes 80 to 100 participating families, which equates to approximately 500 individuals. The FXBVillage Model offers funding and training for participants to start a small business, and also incorporates three years of support which address the five key drivers of poverty eradication: nutrition, education, health, housing, and income.
Key elements of our Community Development Program :
- Nutrition: in-kind food support lasting 9-12 months and production of kitchen gardens.
- Health: trainings, HIV/AIDS prevention, payment of health-related costs (up to 100 percent the first year, 75 percent the second, and 50 percent in the third), hygienic support (latrine construction, potable water support, hygienic materials, etc.), and family planning.
- Education: all school-aged, early-childhood children are identified and potentially reenrolled with close follow-up, and payment of school-related costs are provided (up to 100 percent the first year, 75 percent the second, and 50 percent the third)
- Housing: FXB provides participant families with construction material to rehabilitate or reconstruct houses. In addition, the construction of improved latrines also plays an integral part of the housing component of FXBVillage Program.
- Income Generating Activities (IGAs): depending on context (urban versus rural), in-kind grants are provided (valued between 120 to 160 USD).
- Savings: once enrolled, families open a savings account to establish preliminary savings. Participants are encouraged to save a portion of their income in order to cope with potential economic shocks. Savings are also established through beneficiary groups where all heads of households are enrolled. These groups consist of 8 to 12 people and participate in savings and lending, collective IGA and psychosocial support activities.
- Psychosocial support: poverty, HIV, orphan contexts, etc. are life problems that affect the psychosocial status of people. In the FXBVillage program, psychosocial support sessions are held individually and collectively to encourage participants to share stories and seek help as necessary.
- Technical skills training: technical training topics include financial literacy, management, microcredit, and diversification.
- Life skills: the FXBVillage Program provides trainings on a variety of life skills topics in nutrition, health, hygiene, HIV/AIDS, child rights and early childhood developments. The program also includes frequent home visits to participant households to monitor progress in terms of economic and social well-being.
- Home visits: weekly home visits are conducted by the nurse and the social worker, who document progress the first two years, and on a bi-weekly/monthly basis the third year. The home visits aim to assess skills learnt, hygiene conditions, progress of income generating activities, and academic performance of the enrolled students.
What criteria does FXB use in selecting new countries and regions?
FXB implements programs in countries with dire social and economic needs. These needs tend to vary substantially within and among countries and regions. These differences occur within the Education, Development, and/or Health sectors, among others. FXB assesses the plausibility of new programs based on an analysis which considers the available financial resources and the needs of a specific country.
FXB’s goal is to strengthen the existing programs in the ten countries it operates in and also to identify new countries to expand to in order to continue serving and transforming the lives of vulnerable communities. FXB fully understands the importance of adapting to the changing landscapes of international development to address the rapidly changing needs of the world’s most vulnerable people. We are currently exploring the possibility of expanding our programs into other types of contexts beyond poverty, including establishing programs to address the needs of refugees and migrants.
We encourage organizations that are interested in integrating the FXBVillage Model, particularly in countries where we do not currently operate, to reach out to us and explore the potential for a partnership.
How do you know if graduated families really escape extreme poverty?
At FXB, we apply various approaches to assess how best to respond to each of these dimensions. The dashboard approach analyzes each sector’s indicators separately to assess the proportion of households that have improved living conditions. The Multidimensional Approach utilizes the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI), which was developed by the Oxford Poverty and Human development Initiative (OPHI), and allows us to assess whether a family is deprived in multiple dimensions. Indeed, the Multidimensional Approach has the advantage of allowing us to consider multiple deprivations that poor families may face. While the dashboard approach looks at each indicator individually, the multidimensional approach integrates many indicators into one single index, the MPI.
What is the cost of the FXBVillage Program?
The cost for one Community Development Program FXBVillage ranges from 220,000 to 250,000 USD over a duration of three years, which includes approximately 100 families, or 500 children and adults. The annual cost for one participant equates to 125 to 140 USD.