Affordable drinking water for all is a key element of the world we want to live in.
There is enough water on earth to achieve that dream.
Drinking water only accounts for 1% of all the water available on earth. With demographic growth, sanitation and social issues related to water-borne diseases, climate change and natural disaster risks, quantity and quality of available water become increasingly worrisome. Consequences are increasing as well, especially for the poorest communities. Indeed, out of three people without access to drinking water, two are living on less than 2$ per day. Decrease vulnerability of these communities by giving them a better access to safe water and improved sanitation hence constitutes a factor for poverty reduction as well as reduction of water-borne diseases.
According to the UN, water is at the core of sustainable development. Access to water is the number 6 of the Sustainable Development Goals. Water resources and all services that water can provide contribute to poverty reduction, economic growth and environmental protection. From food safety and energy to public and environmental health, water contributes to the improvement of social well-being and equal growth, affecting livelihoods of billions of people.
Access to water and sanitation is a key challenge for those who are deprived their right to it. Therefore, it is one of our priorities. Besides, in July 2010, access to water has been recognized as a human right.
Here are a few achievements from FXB’s actions related to water:
- FXB has facilitated access to water for Tuareg population in Niger. The project has been initiated in 2001 and 18 wells have been constructed so far.
- In Jharkhand villages in India, FXB is implementing an innovative program including smartphone technology in order to monitor water quality and to document each water source.
- In Rwanda, a new partnership with USAID will allow 50’000 households to improve their access to water, sanitation and hygiene.
- The rationale of our FXBVillage programs is to provide our participants full and simultaneous access to all of their human rights. Access to water definitely is one of them. In order to do so, we construct well when necessary or tap water from stream to ensure free access to water to our participants but also to the entire community – usually between 2’000 and 5’000 people per program. As to make this action sustainable, FXB also train committees that will be responsible for the maintenance of the wells or the spring. Prevention sessions on water-borne diseases are also organized. We train people on methods to treat their water in order to make it safer to drink. Activities related to sanitation are also organized as the construction of improved latrines for example. Here are a few results from these activities:
At baseline, an average of 10% of households already treats its water to make it safer to drink.After three years in the program, this number rises to 97% of families (statistics based on data from 6 FXBVillage programs in Uganda, Rwanda and China between 2011 and 2015).
Methods used are not the same in all countries: In Uganda, participants treat their water with PUR pills distributed by FXB thanks to a partnership with Procter & Gamble. This partnership allows the provision of drinking water to more than 2’000 households for the next two years. It is worth noting that families are now able to pay for the water treatment by themselves thanks to the income they are generating. In Rwanda, participants also use PUR pills as in Uganda. However, some families prefer to boil the water to purify it.c. In China, all families boil the water as a treatment.