The death of 11 children from malaria, belonging to the Birjia tribe, an endangered tribal community in Latehar district of Jharkhand in August 2014 brought the issue into the mainstream media and highlighted the need for increased awareness about the disease. The district located around 180 km east of state capital Ranchi had no health centers or medical facilities. People walked for miles to get to the nearest urban centre.
FXB India Suraksha with its experience of working at community level across the country in WASH related issues is focused on clean environment by creating cost efficient and sustainable mechanism to build toilets in Ranchi district of Jharkhand and ensure proper storage of water to arrest spread of malaria is to keep the environment clean.
Malaria has been endemic in India for centuries. Since the 1990s the discovery of malarial vectors resistance to insecticide, and extensive vector breeding grounds created principally by the water resource development projects, urbanization and industrialization ensured that combating the disease required a more hands on approach and extensive outreach activities. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), globally malaria is counted as one of the acute febrile illness. During 2015, 3.2 billion people living in 95 countries were recognized as the under threat populations. In India (as per the National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme- NVBDCP) 0.7–1.6 million confirmed cases and 400-1,000 deaths occur annually due to malaria. is the most potent breeding grounds for the carrier mosquito Anopheles.
Malaria is however a preventable and curable disease. Increased eIMG-20160429-WA0011fforts have dramatically led in reducing the malaria burden in many places. Though incidence rate of new cases and death rates have fallen for all categories of high risk populations socio-economic and environmental changes brought about by unbridled urbanization, drought, migration of workers, and lax control efforts are all contributing to the resurgence of malaria in India and the problem is expected to exacerbate in the years to come.The malaria causing Anopheles mosquitoes thrives in stagnant water and unclean drainage system waste and filthy water which is most predominant in human habitations without sanitation and
waste facilities. As a result all IMG-20160429-WA0002across the world including India urban slums and poor rural communities are the worst affected amongst the high risk communities.
Recognizing this need to develop the awareness on the need for a clean and safe hygienic and sanitized environment to put a curb on malaria and other such diseases FXB India Suraksha undertook an awareness campaign at FXBVillage in Villupuram district in Tamil Nadu. Conducted with the enthusiastic participation of school children and the village community the focus of our efforts has been on Preventive Measures like clean household, separate and hygienic toilets, preventing water logging, regular hand washing among others. IEC materials on the virus causing mosquitoes, WASH and clean environment was also distributed amongst the community members.
Let us join hands to #EndMalaria and build a clean and healthy India.